Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day is observed on February 14 each year traditionally, by showing appreciation for the ones you love or adore and taking loved ones for a romantic dinner at a restaurant. This day is dedicated to marriage proposals or weddings. Many people give chocolates, greeting cards, jewelry or flowers, particularly roses, to their partners or admirers on Valentine’s Day.

Pagan origins of Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day was a pagan ritual started by pre-Christian Romans in the 4th century BCE, known as "Feast of the Wolf" or the Feast of Lupercalia, celebrated on February 15, in honor of Juno Februtis, the Roman goddess of women, fertility and marriage, and Pan the wolf, Roman god of nature. Pan was a god of fertility and aggressiveness, whose sexuality was symbolized by the young men ‘fertilizing’ women through whipping. The festival had its priesthood, called Luperci (brothers of the wolf). These “Luperci” were more than “priests” - they could be seen as the embodiment of Pan Lykaios himself. It has been observed that the young men were symbolizing “werewolves.”

 

Lupercalia (“The Wolf Festival”) was a bizarre ritual where skimpily clad young men would run around whipping women with goatskin thongs. The women were also almost naked. The running men were called Luperci, the wolf people, and were divided into two “colleges.” The main performance of this ritual was a lottery held to group young women to young men for "entertainment and pleasure." There were lots of offensive practices associated with this day. One of them was the lashing of young women by two young men, covered only with a bit of goatskin and goatskin and holding thongs smeared with the blood of sacrificial dogs and goats.  Wiping with these "sacred" thongs by these "holy men" was believed to make them better able to bear children. The festival had enough importance to have Julius Caesar establish a third college, the Iuliani, which was first headed by his loyal general, Mark Anthony, of Cleopatra fame. The celebration preserved well into Christian Rome before an archbishop of Rome forbade it. 

Christian Influence

As the Roman Empire developed, the sexual connotations and animal symbolism became subdued. Pan was not animal-looking anymore, - he was portrayed as a handsome young man. The god Mars replaced his cult. The Lupercalia ritual, though still presented, had degraded enough to be only performed by the lower classes. Eventually, they were officially abolished; yet the Christian authorities probably thought it was wiser to maintain the festival and its associations with love and marriage. It is a well-known fact that Christianity often replaced pagan celebrations with Christian ones. In the case of Lupercalia, a Christian patron of the festival was found in the person called St Valentine. A medieval Christian legend had St Valentine uphold love and marriage in front of Emperor Claudius who wanted to abolish it altogether. Although most scholars think that the story was probably made up, under the patronage of this St Valentine, the love connotations of the Lupercalia could be retained and survived until today.

The legend about the saint Valentine

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there are around 50 different Saint Valentines, all of whom are Christian martyrs of February 14, but 3 of them are the most popular. One of them was a priest from Rome, another was described as bishop of Interamna (modern Terni), and the third from Africa.

According to one legend which is more in line with the true nature of this celebration, St. Valentine was a saint of lovers, who had himself fallen in love with his captor's daughter.

Claudius II forbade marriage for young, single men, who made up his military because he thought that single men made better soldiers than the ones with wives and families. Valentine opposed Claudius and started performing marriages for young couples in secret. When his actions were revealed, and Claudius put him to death.

Festival Customs

Girls would place their names in a box, from which boys would randomly draw to discover their sexual partner. These partners exchanged presents as a sign of love, and often married.

To give this pagan festival Christian meaning, Pope Gelasius officially changed the February 15 Lupercalia festival to the February 14 St. Valentine's Day In 496. Pope Gelasius made small changes in the lottery of the pagan festival for young women. The names of saints replaced the names of young women. Men and women were permitted to draw from the box. The idea of this ritual was to shape their life after the saint they had selected for the rest of the year. However, it was once again girls’ names that ended up in the box by the 16th century.

 

Due to severe troubles that accompanied such a lottery, the French government banned the procedure in 1776. In Italy, Germany, Austria, and Hungry the ritual also disappeared over the years. In England, it had been banned earlier when the Puritans were influential during the 17th century.

The history of Valentine's Day is a powerful lesson for Muslims too. St. Valentine became a Saint who was trying to resist free sex. Although there was an attempt to Christianize the celebration, St. Valentine's day has gone back to its roots today. No one knows that the Church even tried to ban the St. Valentine's Day. Instead, most people think of romance, cupid and his arrow, which are reminders of pagan Rome. Eventually, the custom of sending anonymous cards or messages became the way to celebrate Valentine’s Day.

First increased interest about Valentine's day has been in the United States in the early 1800s during the Civil war and then in Canada, in the mid-19th century. Esther A. Howland produced one of the first commercial American Valentine's Day cards in the 1840s. The valentine industry has been blooming ever since.

Early versions of Valentine cards created of silk and lace and ornamented with flowers, ribbons, and images of cupids or birds appeared in England in the 1880s.

#Love

1777542624
All Photos

INSTA Photos about #love

На что мы тратим жизнь? 💔💫
•••
#love #lovestory #amazing #tbt #lovely  ...

Mar 31, 2020

На что мы тратим жизнь? 💔💫 ••• #love #lovestory #amazing #tbt #lovely #cool #cute #best #look #loveyou #blackandwhite #music #video #happy #family #top #amore #life #forever #newyork

And I miss uh ..... ♥️
@shri_chavan2326 @shriaisha 
#love #loveyou #soulmates #togetherforever ...

Mar 31, 2020

And I miss uh ..... ♥️ shri_chavan2326 shriaisha #love #loveyou #soulmates #togetherforever

That innocent smiles ❤
#keepsmiling
...
Tag us :- #beingladakhi 🔵
#repost @sprinkledcolors
...
 ...

Mar 31, 2020

That innocent smiles ❤ #keepsmiling ... Tag us :- #beingladakhi 🔵 #repost sprinkledcolors ... .. Location :- #ladakh .. :- Keep supporting✔ :- Keep loving✔ :- Keep sharing✔ :- Keep exploring ladakh✔ .. 🔴 _______________________________________ BEINGLADAKHI ❤ #ladakh #mountains #kargil #biketoladakh #kargil #ladakhi #spring #summer #beautiful #adventures #beauty #landscape #portrait #kashmir #srinagar #ladakhi #beautybloggers #leh #kargil #bike #journey #ladakhdiaries #ladakhtourism #ladakhtrip #lehladakh #kargilladakh #smile #mothersday #love #smiling #ladakh #ladakhdiaries #kargil

Día 0: de algún momento tenemos que partir siendo conscientes de ello, teniendo claro nuestro prop ...

Mar 31, 2020

Día 0: de algún momento tenemos que partir siendo conscientes de ello, teniendo claro nuestro propósito, aquello que deseamos hacer y desde hoy a él le digo gracias porque el impacto de una persona nunca es claro en un principio; no sabemos sí nos hará daño, si solo estará de paso o hasta cuando querrá o podrá quedarse y a pesar de que nos conocimos varios meses atrás y hoy día es tan claro no solo era un capricho, no solo era alguien a quien quería, es a quien necesitaba. Lo necesitaba para ver el mundo de otra manera, para ubicarme dentro de mi misma, las heridas de los años no sanan en unos cuantos días pero con él sé que voy por buen camino encontrando heridas que no sabia siquiera que tenia. Lo necesitaba para enseñarme que necesitar a alguien no es malo y el principal motivo por el que le agradezco hoy es por amarme. 🇻🇪💕🇲🇽 #love

My favourite kind of makeup style is winged eyeliner with red lipstick 💕
.
.
Makeup and hair by - ...

Mar 31, 2020

My favourite kind of makeup style is winged eyeliner with red lipstick 💕 . . Makeup and hair by - sonal_burde_mua sonal_burde . . Call/watspp for bookings - +91-7276169335 . . PORTFOLIO | COMMERCIAL | CREATIVE MAKEUPS | BRIDAL MAKEUP | ENGAGEMENT |RECEPTION | PARTY|. . #sonalmakeupartist #sonalburdemua #hair #makeup #hairstyle #makeupartist #makeuplover #mua #haircolor #beauty #makeuptutorial #hairstyles #makeupaddict #haircut #makeuplook #hairstylist #makeupbyme #makeupart #makeuplove #makeuplife #hairstyling #hairarrange #instamakeup #love #fashion #photooftheday #instagoodmyphoto #portfolio #models

It’s good to flip your perspective sometimes.

Last pic is the original.
📸: @_alexqian 
@world. ...

Mar 31, 2020

It’s good to flip your perspective sometimes. Last pic is the original. 📸: _alexqian world.shooters world.shooters world.shooters #ShooterFFA #shootersffa #chicago #travelphotography #sunset #sunsetphotography #instagramedits #instagood #love #photoedits #urbanphotography #urbanedits

Te daría sexo oral mientras estas de pie hasta que te tiemblen las piernas, te recostaria *si no te ...

Mar 31, 2020

Te daría sexo oral mientras estas de pie hasta que te tiemblen las piernas, te recostaria *si no tenemos cerca una superficie al la altura de la cintura* seguiría disfrutando de los placeres de tu cuerpo te chuparia, morderia y besaria cada centímetro de tu cuerpo causando-te el mayor placer que pueda hasta notar que estes lo mas mojada posible para asi penetrante en varias posiciones diferentes una y otra ves hasta ya no poder más haciéndote venir (aun que no se si te guste darlo) me imagina a ti dándome un oral hasta hacerme terminar a mi! #love #instagood #photooftheday #fashion #beautiful #happy #cute #tbt #like4like #followme #picoftheday #follow #me #selfie #summer #art #instadaily #friends #repost #nature #girl #fun #style #smile #food #instalike #likeforlike #family #travel #fitness

Ayaaaayaaa
Amka uskie hiii👊😂😂😂🔥
#gainwithkenyanoxygen 
#gainwithmugweru 
TURN ON POST ...

Mar 31, 2020

Ayaaaayaaa Amka uskie hiii👊😂😂😂🔥 #gainwithkenyanoxygen #gainwithmugweru TURN ON POST NOTIFICATION.....TO GAIN MORE DAILY Repost for tags!!!! #gainwithmchina #beautiful #love #cute

"Tudo muda, tudo troca de lugar, o filme é o mesmo só o elenco tem que mudar..."
#change #new #tim ...

Mar 31, 2020

"Tudo muda, tudo troca de lugar, o filme é o mesmo só o elenco tem que mudar..." #change #new #time #humanity #love

STAY AT HOME 😎✅
.
Stay active with Dominico

Mar 31, 2020

STAY AT HOME 😎✅ . Stay active with Dominico's stay at home exercises. You can adjust the fitness levels by doing: •2 rounds - Beginner with 60 seconds rest. •3 rounds - Intermediate with 45 seconds rest. •4 rounds - Advanced with 30 seconds rest. . Dominico is one of our fantastic coaches who is bring training to your very home. All you need is a bottle of Water and a towel... . We at Urban Kings Gym, are not leaving you alone! Just because there is no gym, doesn't mean there are no sessions! . . HOW TO DO THIS WORKOUT: 1)Follow domptuk 2)Warm up first for 3-5mins •Skipping rope Or •Jumping Jack's 30secs on 30secs off x minimum of 3-5sets. Or •High knees 30secs on 30secs off. OR •A workout of your choice. Once done, mobilse if you need to (It just means stretch if you need too 😊) . Then Begin 💪🏼👍🏾😎. . When performing please adhere to the new Government Guide lines! . . . . #ThisIsUrbanKingsGym #family #love #boxing #london #kingscross #bravingtonwalk #gym #fitness #fitness #handstand #urbankingsgym #fitness #lifestyle #mmafight #workout👍 #positivtyisthekey #londonsbest #londonlifestyle #gymaddicts #gymbeast #training💪 #londonlove #londonlifestyle #boxinggirl #healthylifestyle #gymlife💪 #athletelife #selfdefence #inspirationalwords #workoutoftheday #londoner

Koleksioni i ri me SUPER MODELE🎁❤🎁❤🎁
Porosisni ne DM dhe Porosia vjen kudo qe te ndodhe ...

Mar 31, 2020

Koleksioni i ri me SUPER MODELE🎁❤🎁❤🎁 Porosisni ne DM dhe Porosia vjen kudo qe te ndodheni 💫💙💫 Website: https://www.ilcammino.al #aksesore #love #happy #fun #night #frienship #bestfriends #sky #friends #sweet #nature #leafs #sun #crazy #music #fashion #style #cuty #havingfun #school

Follow @cuteasiangirls____  for more contents 💕💕 will be doing giveaways at 100followers ! Sho ...

Mar 31, 2020

Follow cuteasiangirls____ for more contents 💕💕 will be doing giveaways at 100followers ! Shoutouts, promotions and so much more ! . . DM for credit or removal . #asian #model #asianmodel #love #photoshoot #asiangirls #koreangirl #beauty #beautiful #cute #fashion #asianbeauty #photography #picoftheday #photooftheday #instagood #girl #ootd #abg #losangeles #portrait #seoul #streetstyle #modeling #igbabes #art #cuteasian #fitgirl #portraitphotography

"Ich liebe dich mein Engel."😍💍
#love #couplegoals #couplegoals💑 ...

Mar 31, 2020

"Ich liebe dich mein Engel."😍💍 #love #couplegoals #couplegoals💑

made it with brush pens and drawing pen, it

Mar 31, 2020

made it with brush pens and drawing pen, it's cute and I love it👀💓

🖕😬 ...

Mar 31, 2020

🖕😬

Wearing the new Pastel Pink Lipsense with Pink Matte gloss on top. It is the ultimate sheer barbie p ...

Mar 31, 2020

Wearing the new Pastel Pink Lipsense with Pink Matte gloss on top. It is the ultimate sheer barbie pink and the new matte gloss is NOTHING like the original matte. It is so much more velvety and moisturising. It’s absolutely incredible!! Please bring out more coloured matte glosses senegenceinternational 💋 DM to get your hands on yours! Available individually or as a set.

☺😊😘😘😘😘
😘😍 🎧Request Use Headphones 🎧Watch till end 💕
.आवडल् ...

Mar 31, 2020

☺😊😘😘😘😘 😘😍 🎧Request Use Headphones 🎧Watch till end 💕 .आवडल्यास नक्की comment करून सांगा 🤗 .💓🤗💓 . अश्याच खूप साऱ्या पोस्ट साठी फोल्लो करत रहा . missing_someone143 missing_someone143 missing_someone143 missing_someone143 . पोस्ट आवडल्यास Mention करून Story मध्ये Share करा ❤ . • Edits _ missing_someone143 . • . . . . . •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• #marathitradition #girlsquotes #marathimotivation #marathibana #marathiquotes #marathikavita #marathifc #marathijokes #marathiinspirations #love #marathimulga #marathimulgi #maharashtradesha #maharashtratimes #maharashtra_ig #maharashtra_desha #maharashtratourism #maharashtra #marathi #marathistatus #hindi #missing_someone143 . . •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ✓Must follow missing_someone143 • ✓All copyright reserved ©™ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

Home Quarantine.😉
.
.
.
One day, I want to honestly say, “I made it!” 🙌🏻 #AmeantforS #s ...

Mar 31, 2020

Home Quarantine.😉 . . . One day, I want to honestly say, “I made it!” 🙌🏻 #AmeantforS #sundayfunday #NaturePhotography #vscofilter #love #nomad #fashion #streetstyle #dapper #followforfollow #instagram #followforlike

Nada de textão esse ano. Apenas Gratidão. 
Agradecer por cada livramento. 
Agradecer por cada dia. ...

Mar 31, 2020

Nada de textão esse ano. Apenas Gratidão. Agradecer por cada livramento. Agradecer por cada dia. Agradecer por cada oportunidade. Agradecer por cada segundo. Agradecer por viver. GRATIDÃO PELO DIA DE HOJE ❤ Parabéns para mim! 2.8 🎊🎉🎂🎈🍻 #aniversario #cumplea #love #niver #bhfyp #photooftheday #selfie #tumblr #tumblrgirl #instagram #tattoo #sexy #photodaily #woman #tagsforlikes #riodejaneiro #sensuality #brazil #like #instagood #follow #cute #happy #picoftheday #fashion #beautiful #instadaily #photography #instalike #bday

#day13 UNTIL FOREVER #stayathome .
Tiktok: @natashaa.juan ...

Mar 30, 2020

#day13 UNTIL FOREVER #stayathome . Tiktok: natashaa.juan

#throwback #ootd puma white
Day 4 of the 14days movement control order 
I

Mar 21, 2020

#throwback #ootd puma white Day 4 of the 14days movement control order I'm going to gain more weights because I cook delicious foods at home everyday 🤣 My 14days routine Wake up, bath, cook, eat, YouTube, cook, eat, Netflix, bath, cook, eat, YouTube, Netflix, sleep and REPEATING

美国总统特郎普发推特把"新冠病毒"称为"华人病毒/中国病毒"!
作为全世界最 ...

Mar 19, 2020

美国总统特郎普发推特把"新冠病毒"称为"华人病毒/中国病毒"! 作为全世界最有影响力的政治人物之一,他说的话影响很大! 他这样责怪中国,是会让全球每一个角落的华人受到更多仇恨,歧视,甚至遭受暴力对待! 中国正在尽最大努力控制新冠病毒传播,这是全世界都看到的! 不仅如此,中国也在向其它国家输送物姿,比如口罩,日用物资,以及重要的疫情信息和医护团队去帮助那些有需要的国家。 作为美国总统怎么可以说出这样的话? 现在这个特殊时期,这种激化种族仇恨的行为是非常危险和不负责任的! 我想对世界各地的人民说,注意安全照顾好自己,坚强! 记得散播分享爱不是仇恨,祝福大家 P/S: 我们可以称H1N1禽流感为"美国人病毒"吗? 这完全和种族扯不上关系,记住病毒是不分种族侵入的! I can't believe the news today, the president of United States Donald Trump call the coronavirus is "Chinese Virus' in his Twitter! As one of the most powerful politician in the world, his words matter! By blaming China, he is putting Chinese lives around the world at risk of more hatred, discrimination and even violence. China has worked so hard to control the coronavirus, we all seen it with our own eyes. Not only that, but right now China is sending resources, like mask, supplies, vital information and their medical teams to all around the world to help other countries in need. How can a president say such a thing in these desperate time? Inflaming racial hatred is irresponsible and dangerous! To all nation living around the world, pls take good care, stay safe, stay strong and SHARE LOVE NOT HATE. BLESS #donaldtrump YOU ARE FUCKING ASSHOLE You talk CHEAP AND BRAINLESS! P/S: ANYONE BLAME H1N1 is AMERICAN VIRUS? IT'S NOT ABOUT THE RACE AND PLS REMEMBER VIRUS ATTACK ALL RACES! #coronavirus

these afternoon downpours are gonna be problematic but so am I ...

Jul 26, 2019

these afternoon downpours are gonna be problematic but so am I

🏝 ...

Aug 8, 2018

🏝

We use cookies, just to track visits to our website, we store no personal details